Hip replacement is a surgical procedure in which the damaged joints of the hip are replaced with artificial parts or prosthesis. The main motto behind hip replacement is improving mobility, hip movement, and relief from pain. Patients who have suffered injury, fracture or arthritis generally undergo hip replacement surgery. Injury and Arthritis disable patients and prevents them from performing the basic activities of life. Sitting, walking, sleeping or even a simple activity like wearing your shoes and socks are affected. Hip replacement surgery is recommended for those who have severe pain, stiffness or swelling in the hip joint which affects mobility.
Though there is no exact age for such complications, it is mostly seen among patients between 50-80 years. Most of the people who undergo hip replacement surgery were suffering from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis or childhood hip diseases.
The various types of hip replacement surgery are total hip surgery and hip resurfacing. Hip replacement surgery can be performed by traditional incision or by minimally invasive hip replacement. An alternative to hip replacement surgery is hip resurfacing surgery. In this type of surgery, the damaged bone is removed from the hip joint and is replaced by metal plates.
How to get the treatment?
A proper medical check- up, tests and x-rays must be conducted before a hip replacement surgery. The family doctor, as well as the orthopedic surgeon, must be consulted, and all doubts and queries must be cleared before the operation. A patient must also mentally prepare himself for the surgery.
A certain number of guidelines must also be followed by the patient post surgery. Recovery from hip replacement requires time and patience. A patient uses a walker, crutches or other walking aids that supports them for 4 to 6 weeks. The exercise patterns and schedules given by the doctors must be followed strictly. Regular check-ups are not to be avoided.
Hip replacement surgery often comes with certain limitations. The various risks involved are hip dislocation, infection, rupture of blood vessels or nerves, fracture or difference in length of legs. However, if proper care is taken before, during and after surgery, such risks can be avoided.
Hip replacement surgery is an expensive procedure. However, the cost of hip replacement in India is less expensive than that of USA, UK, Canada and Australia. The cost for total knee replacement surgery in any private standard hospital in India ranges from 3 -5 lakh rupees.
The best hip replacement in India cost can be availed at much lower cost than that of the same in other countries. The doctors here have firm command on these surgeries, and there are many hospitals where the patient can avail complete package. The package includes the cost of admission. Diagnosis, treatment, and operation as well as post-operative procedures. The hospitals have world class facilities and sophisticated technologies. The staff at such hospitals is highly sophisticated and patient friendly. They also have a comfortable infrastructure with national and international accreditations and certification.